The Beauty of Venus
Venus weaves a pattern of perfect harmony and beauty. Seen from the Earth it forms a lovely mandala every eight years, a pentagram pattern at its core. Let's start off with the synodic cycle of Venus. That is 18-19 months, and this is how long it takes between Venus becoming the shining Evening Star. It's the cycle that we experience, of its appearances and disappearances, whereby it alternates between being the Evening Star that sets in the West and the morning Star that rises in the East. Hesperus and Lucifer were the old names for these two aspects of Venus.
Let's quote John Martineau, who has a knack of putting these things simply:
An 8-year pattern links Earth, Sun and Venus. Joining heliocentric positions of Earth and Venus at regular intervals with straight lines also (see figure on the left) gives a similar image (Quite how this works, does tend to elude me). These different frames of reference thus give the same pattern, of Venus' five synodic cycles per eight Earth-years; from which it follows, that thirteen Venus-years elapse per eight Earth-years. Take a while to mull over these things.
On June 7th, 2004, a transit of Venus happened, at 18° Gemini in the zodiac (1). Four years later Venus will again conjunct the sun on June 8th at 18° Gemini. Every four years, Sun-Venus conjunctions recur in time and space. This is the beautiful synchrony that Venus gives us. Thereby she weaves a pentagram in the sky every eight years; because the same applies to the superior conjunctions, we have a double pentagram woven around Earth, one pentagram of superior conjunctions being about six times larger than the other, and the two are in phase. Every four years, there are five solar conjunctions that move once round a pentagon, and they alternate as superior and inferior conjunctions. These two wonderful pentagrams revolve slowly against the stars, once per twelve centuries. The geometrical shape of the pentagram contains the 'golden ratio' more fully than any other.
The 'day' of Venus was discovered in the 1960s, using a radio telescope: it was able to peer through the dense mists of Venus's atmosphere. The planets all revolve in the same direction as they revolve around the Sun, anticlockwise - except only for Venus, which has a 'backward' rotation on its axis. It goes in the reverse direction to all others. Thus, Venus revolves backwards, and does so more slowly than that of any other planet. Its axial-rotation period is longer than its year.
Above: two years of Venus's motion, with Earth at the centre, showing points at which the same part of Venus is facing earthwards.
Venus becomes most brilliant in the sky as Evening Star a month after its 'maximum elongation,' when it has risen highest in the sky and stands at its greatest distance from the Sun (37 degrees). The 'Phosphorus' or Morning Star was more strident and associated with Nike the goddess of Victory, while the Evening Star had the gentle and amorous reputation. We should try to live with the Venus-cycle in its coming and goings as did the ancients. It remains visible for some 263 days as Evening Star before dying into the sunset, and this is the average period of human gestation. Six months after appearing as Evening Star, Venus reaches its greatest elongation, then a month later it grows to maximum brilliance, then two weeks later it stations (stops moving along the zodiac) then goes retrograde, and another two weeks later it dies into the sunset. Two weeks after that it reappears as the Morning Star, still going retrograde. There are potent dualities here between morning and evening, East or West, in front of the Sun or behind it, visible or invisible, direct or retrograde. The most fortunate and celebrated time of the cycle for the ancient Chaldeans was its heliacally-rising appearance, just before dawn. Plan for that enchanting cocktail-party you meant to have, when Venus will be most brilliant.
Far below the boiling, sulphuric acid clouds of Venus' dense atmosphere, there lies a tortured, hellish landscape.
Venus's Eight Halos
In which eight touching circles define Earth's orbit from Venus's
The Kiss of Venus
Earth and Venus at their Remotest and Closest
In which the realm of Earth & Venus is taken as a single space with a simple geometry
Earth and Venus are so very happy together that it is their whole combined space which exhibits the simplest harmony. Between Earth's greatest distance from the Sun and Venus's closest approach to the Sun lies the total realm of Earth & Venus, or their home. A single square proportions this region with 99.9% accuracy. The square was generally associated with Earth, the City or the home, and since it here embraces Earth's relationship with Venus, amongst other interpretations it may be thought of as alluding to the sacred institution of marriage. Both Earth and Venus are traditionally female so in fact a better title might have been Blood Sisters, alluding to the earthy connection between women.
Image is (c) John Martineau
Which is another way of spacing Venus and Earth
A circle is drawn which represents Venus's mean orbit. A pentagram is constructed inside it and a small circle placed through the arm-crossing points. The radius of this small circle divides the radius of the larger into the golden section and can be used to space Venus's orbit to Earth's orbit, again with 99.9% accuracy. Although this is slightly less accurate, and a little more complicated than the diagram immediately above, it is included here to show the ever present agreement between eight-fold and five-fold geometries.
Image is (c) John Martineau