When the spacecraft Voyager flew past in 1981 it relayed back the first close-up images of Saturn:
As Voyager flew past the rings of Saturn, it viewed their strangely regular patterning, seemingly defying the laws of physics. Astronomers had hypothesised that 'shepherd moons' must exist nearby, which could somehow aid the rings to sustain their entropy‑defying symmetry: especially programmed to detect these, Voyager could not find any more. The rings were made of thin, separate lines which could be just a few metres deep: 'when the Voyager cameras zoomed in on the main rings, they appeared to break up into countless rings - almost without limit. Thousands of tiny ringlets appeared...some of them making a complete circle around Saturn' (3)
In the immensity of space, what established these rings, so ordered and symmetrical, and what sustained them? What astronomers call 'Shepherd moons' were noted, which somehow helped the rings to stay in place, but even so the astronomers were baffled. The 'spoke' patterns continued to appear as an out‑radiating pattern through the various ring‑layers, as if superimposed upon them. The rings were moving round at different speeds, but the 'spokes' of light and dark rays just passed through them. (4)
The Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn discovered a large hexagon pattern around its north pole (left).
The diagram to the left shows the retrograde loops of Saturn, Earth being at the centre of this big circle. While moving retrograde, approximately 4 and a half months each cycle, Saturn draws nearest at its solar opposition - this happens yearly, as the Sun opposes Saturn. It then grows brightest in the sky, because it's reflecting the Sun's light, so it is easiest to see.
Earth and Saturn
A thirty-pointed star defines both their relative orbits and their relative sizes
Generally, multi-pointed stars are not included in this research. However, in the case of Saturn and Earth a thirty-pointed star defines both their relative mean orbits with 99.7% accuracy and their relative equatorial diameters with 99% accuracy; thirty itself is the first number that can be divided by 2, 3 and 5 and is therefore one of the more important produced numbers, while 12 (1x2x3x4) is the most obvious and 60 (1x2x3x4x5) is another good example. Stonehenge's outer circle is divided into thirty precise divisions.